Transfer连载(一)美国转学难度分析

Dec 9, 2015
68
2
8
#1
都说转学是逆袭名校的跳板,尤其是在近年来藤校freshman录取率持续刷新历史新低的今天,越来越多的留学僧把目光投向了转学。。。
那你对transfer了解多少?申请transfer需要什么条件?transfer与freshaman相比哪个更难?各藤校对transfer有哪些要求呢?
分享来自水哥的一些观点
由于字数太多,transfer的后期将以分篇连载的形式呈现给大家,转学党敬请关注!:hug:

[hide=d400]美国本科转学!一个很可能比申请研究生更好的选择

在做留学咨询工作的十个申请季过程中,我遇到了很多被天朝高考制度坑害的学生,他们或因为分数不理想被调剂到一个不理想的学校或专业,或因为家长压力被迫选择自己不喜欢的专业,或因为不懂而盲目选择了一个不适合自己的专业。如果孩子心智成熟,或者运气好,就会通过一些机会积极努力,找到好的出路;如果心智不那么成熟,或者运气不那么好,就有可能走向一个极端:逃课,挂科,甚至退学。2013年有一则令人唏嘘的新闻:一个清华大三生江焕波为换专业退学复读。

为什么要付出这么大的代价去学一个自己喜欢学的东西?因为大家不知道还有什么别的选择:国内要想换专业非常非常难(虽然国内已经开始学分制,但多数学分制只是换汤不换药,虽然有些学校允许换专业但要求成绩要年级第一第二才有资格转),换大学就更别想了,只能退学再来一次连西方都知道的变态高考了。(不少国外大学网站上现在已经有了“Gaokao”这个专有名词了)所以很多学生只能痛苦的煎熬着。这个问题现在变得越来越严重,因为九零后是更有个性的一代人,而国内大学的变化速度赶不上他们的节奏。他们只能强忍着,在研究生留学的时候换专业。(国内考研换专业也是很难的)

虽然越来越多的中国学生去美国读本科,但很多人并不知道,还有“本科转学”这么一条路可走。为此我专门在豆瓣开了转学答疑帖希望帮助更多的人了解情况。因为做咨询,其实不见得是对问题做出正确回答,很多时候提出一个正确的问题更重要。例如,对很多人来说,不应该问“我能不能转专业申请”而是该问“我是应该研究生的时候再出去,还是现在就转学出去”。下面进入主题,跟大家详细介绍一下美国的本科转学。

什么是本科转学?

本科转学,在美国大学官网上称之为:Undergraduate Transfer,只要进到美国大学官网,大家就能发现,在Undergraduate Admission 中Freshmen申请和Transfer申请基本都是并列关系。只要你是在读大学生,没有获得学士学位(一般以大一大二为,大三大四情况比较复杂),成绩达到一定标准(不同档次学校标准不同),有SAT/ACT with writing(很多学校不硬性要求,比如Yale对本国无考点的学生可以免SAT或ACT,密西根大学安娜堡分校要求如果高中申请本科时考了SAT或者ACT需要提交,否则就不用提交,top30往后的很多学校则要求如果入学时已经读了两年,那么就不用提交SAT或ACT成绩),有语言成绩(国际学生,且没有四年母语为英语教学经历的需要提交托福、雅思、PTE之类的语言成绩)就可以申请转学。这个结论是很多很多学生和家长不知道,难理解,但又是事实的事情。

虽然top10的本科转学比新生申请要难(比如Stanford的转学录取率在1%-4%之间,Yale每年能收到大概1000份转学申请只能录取20-30人,Harvard有些年份如果没有space空出会停掉转学申请),但是从制度上来说,本科转学和新生申请完全是并列的关系。所以不管你是在中国的大学,还是在英国,新加坡,美国,澳洲,还是在哪儿读本科,只要你想,符合对应的条件,就能申请到美国对应档次的学校过去读本科。

这里可以附上最难录取的几个学校的资格说明,供大家参考:

Stanford University
  • Students who have enrolled either full-time or as a degree-seeking student after graduating from high school must apply for transfer admission.
  • Students who are dual-enrolled in both high school and college programs should apply for freshman admission.
  • Students must have a high school diploma or the equivalent in order to enroll at Stanford.
  • Transfer coursework must be completed at an accredited degree-granting institution; coursework completed in vocational, technical, performance or professional programs are not considered.
  • Transfer students are required to complete at least two years of full-time enrollment at Stanford in order to attain a bachelor's degree from the university.
  • Students who have already earned a bachelor's degree are not eligible to apply for undergraduate admission

Harvard University

  • By the anticipated date of matriculation, students must have satisfactorily completed a minimum of one continuous academic year in a degree program at one college, and not more than two academic years of full-time college study.
  • Students who have completed more than two years of college study with transferable credit, and those who have earned a bachelor’s degree, are not eligible to transfer to Harvard College. Students may not choose to relinquish academic credits or a degree in order to apply for transfer admission.
  • Students who will have completed less than one full-time continuous year of study at one college by the anticipated date of matriculation at Harvard should apply as freshman candidates. (All such applicants, if admitted, will matriculate as regular freshmen without any transfer credit.)
  • Students who have completed one full-time year of college in a regular degree program in lieu of their senior year of high school (often referred to as dual enrollment) should contact the Admissions Office before submitting an application, but generally, if the courses were taken for credit toward a high school diploma, candidates should apply as a freshman.
  • Students who are enrolled part-time are not eligible unless they have previously completed one continuous academic year full-time.
  • Students are eligible to transfer only from a liberal arts curriculum that is similar to Harvard’s. Candidates whose education has been in a vocational, professional, technical, online, extension, or performance program will not ordinarily qualify for transfer admission.
Yale University

  • To be eligible to transfer, you must have a high school diploma or GED by June of the current academic year, and at least one year and no more than two years of transferable post-secondary-school college credit.*
  • If you are currently jointly enrolled in high school and college, you are not eligible for the transfer program, but should apply through the freshman admissions process.
  • If by the end of the current academic year you will have completed less than one year of full-time college study*, you should apply through the freshman admissions process. If you are admitted as a freshman, work done after secondary school graduation but before matriculation at Yale may be accepted (up to a maximum of two course credits) with the approval of the appropriate director of undergraduate studies at Yale.
  • If you have received a bachelor’s degree (or the equivalent) or if by the end of the current academic year you will have completed more than two full years toward the degree, you are not eligible to transfer to Yale, nor may you apply through the freshman admissions process. (You may not voluntarily relinquish credits in order to qualify for consideration.)
  • If you are a non-traditional student and have taken a break from your education for five or more years, you may wish to consider Yale College’s Eli Whitney Students Program instead of the Transfer Program.
University of Michigan-Ann Arbor

  • Students applying to transfer must be in good standing, both academically and socially, at the institution(s) attended
  • The University of Michigan considers the college grade point average, the quality and quantity of transferable college credit, TOEFL/MELAB scores (if applicable), and the quality of high school credentials (including grades, strength of curriculum, and standardized test scores) during the transfer review process.
  • There are specific admissions requirements for schools and colleges. Some require specific course prerequisites, portfolios, and auditions, which are taken into consideration when evaluating applications.


[/hide]


未完待续。。。