2400考试系列-PART8-WR MUTIPLE CHOICE知识点

sat2400

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#1
[i=s] 本帖最后由 sat2400 于 2009-6-10 11:07 PM 编辑 [/i]

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一致

1.无论怎样的插入成分都不会影响主谓一致原则。
noun1 of noun2-->和noun1一致
e.g. A cluster of grapes was hanging just out of the fox's reach.
e.g. A pair of scissors is on the shelf.

插入成分(引导词有as well as, like, rather than, together with等)
e.g. Lemon, together with sat2400, is now in Beijing.

从句(SAT中经常出现)
e.g. The lemon who stands between two cars is a cowman.

2.each of noun(pl) + verb 则verb永远单数。
e.g. Each of us is admitted by Harvard.

3.There be 就近原则
e.g. There is one lemon and two apples.
e.g. There are two apples and one lemon.

4.倒装时主语在后面。
Also admitted by all ivies is utoyxc.

5.搭配就近原则(not only/but also; neither nor; either or; not but)
e.g. Not only lemon but also I am a cuuser.

6.neither,either单用或加of使用时为单数。
e.g. Neither of us has been to St. Tome and Principe.

7.a number of复数,the number of单数。
e.g. The number of lemons which are yellow is 527029....

8.集合名词,习惯用单数处理,但是指代成员时用复数。例如:team,community,jury,swarm,entourage等。
e.g. The jury was convinced that Alice should be decapitated.
e.g. The jury were unable to reach a verdict. (individual couldn't)

9.其他单复数情况。
联合主语通常用复数。( noun and noun +verb-->pl.)如people,cattle,police,etc.
e.g. Lemon and sat2400 are cuusers.

联合主语指代一个事情的时候用单数。
e.g. Cecilia and Andy is the name of an ID.

诡异的主语情况。
1.单数,medium, datum, phenomenon, criterion
2.复数,media, data, phenomena, criteria

似复实单的情况。
如billiards, checkers; physics,statistics; measles, rickets; customs, news等等。

分清真正主语(n1 of n2)
e.g. a pair of scissors is on the desk.

few, many, several为复数形式。


平行与比较
当句子中包括list或者comparison的时候,每一项需要平行,即处于同样的语法状态下。
单词,短语等平行
X, Y, and Z. 其中XYZ要保持一致。

省略
Subject+Verb+Object AND O/VO/SVO. 前面提到的后面可以省略。判断方法:后面有的前面一定有。
注意:如果是X,Y,AND Z则不能Y省略了Z不省略。

比较句
原则:同类相比较。
e.g. The sat score of Fengfeng is higher than that of sat2400.

平行结构
like, more than, prefer...to, neither nor, either or, both and, the more/the more, not only but also, not but, more..than..

动名词与不定式:二者不可平行。动名词通常描述更泛泛的动作,而不定式用于更具体的动作。不定式通常用于表示目的。
e.g. Watering is a healthy sport, but can sometimes waste a lot of time.
e.g. Lemon and sat2400 want to water this afternoon.
e.g. Cecilia goes to CUUS to water.

Nothing can be different from itself.
e.g. Lemon has posted more threads than CUUSers. (wrong)
e.g. Lemon has posted more threads than other CUUSers. (correct)

可数性。可数:fewer, number, many。不可数:less, amount, much。比较数量。二者:more, between, -er。多者:most, among, -est。
可数性搭配。
e.g. They were each hoping to be a winner, but they were both hoping to be winners.

修饰成分
形容词修饰名词和代词,其他由副词修饰。
e.g. I find the book easily but I find the book not easy. (我很容易找到了书但是它一点也不容易)

傻:more cleverer ×, more light ×.(sat中多次出现)

搭配: more...than, as...as同时出现。

Unclear Modifier
1.修饰词需直接用于对象旁边。

2.如果某修饰词既可以修饰前面也可以修饰后面,那移动它的位置。
e.g. The oysters agreed on Sunday to go for a stroll with the walrus. (UNCLEAR)
e.g. The oysters agreed to go for a stroll with the walrus on Sunday. (CLEAR)

3.修饰成分悬垂或错置错误。
e.g. Walking in the campus of RDU, a playground was seen. (WRONG)
e.g. Walking in the campus of RDU, Lemon and 2400 saw a playground. (CORRECT)

Redundancy
e.g. With only seconds remaining to go in the game, Michael sped quickly down the court. (redundant)
e.g. With only seconds remaining in the game, Michael sped down the court. (precise)

时态
1. since用完成时,after用一般时。
2. 有两个动词在不同的时间时,早的那个要用完成时。
e.g. By the time Lemon arrived at the station, the Custom had closed.

3. 完成时可以表示持续的动作。
e.g. RDX has been very nice to me. (was nice and still is nice)

4. 一个理论,事实,艺术作品等通常用现在时来表示still available.
e.g. In Macbeth, Shakespeare portrays the madness that accompanies the pursuit of power.

介词
介词后面使用动名词或者名词和代词的宾格。
e.g. Between you and me, I'm becoming suspicious of Sybilla and him.

逻辑主语
Ving...., S+V+O-->S发出V
Ved...., S+V+)-->S被V
e.g. Beaten black and blue, the boy is crying.

S+V+O, Ving/Ved...有逗号则修饰S,否则就近修饰
e.g. Boys are watching a galaxy of beautiful girls passing by, slobbering.

主句和从句中主语需一致。如果从句中有be,则从句主语和be可以一起省略。

代词
1. 注意单复数....

2. One,You不可以相互指代(泛指/特指)

3. This不可以单独充当主语或宾语

4. 注意指代不清的问题。同一句话中如果有they之类的,那么前面必须只有1个复数名词,否则会导致指代不清。that等同理。

虚拟语气
这个不用说了吧...高中都学过的。注意if....would have不对,应为if....had

Diction Error
这个说白了就是词干脆用错了。今年5,6,10月连着出现了3次,不过有两次都是在测试部分中。所考到的都是perspective/prospective. 据最新得到的消息, perspective/prospective在12月再次在正式部分中出现! 各书中都总结了些Diction Error问题,我这里就不说了。但是的确会出现。

其他
the reason....be that
whether通常比if好

E???
然后说一下NO ERROR的情况。出现过的E的数量是1-6.但是1,5,6都只出现过1次。(强烈BS2008Jan出现6个E..) 我是说OFFICIAL的题目。通常是2-4. 我做的方法是,如果看一个题,找不出什么错,就先跳过,然后最后根据空的题目数量判断选什么(比如把常出现的错误和DICTION ERROR注意一下等)

还有请54XDF所说的那些很玄虚的所谓潜规则。比如BEING不选,修改文章没错就删掉,什么标点原来没有就怎么着....这些所谓技巧全是骗人的,每一个都有反例。不要信。


好罗嗦啊...先这样好了....大家好运

2400@cuus.

[ 本帖最后由 sat2400 于 2008-6-2 05:37 PM 编辑 ]
 

sat2400

Moderator
Jul 13, 2006
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#8
原帖由 inconsistency 于 2007-11-29 19:01 发表
2400SAT.wish you really got 2400!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!1How nice you are!
呵呵谢谢支持~~^_^大家一起加油~~

原帖由 cecilia.520729 于 2007-11-29 18:47 发表
来捧个场...
36有特殊意义否?
:L:L
啊~~~多谢大虾捧场~~蓬荜生辉ING~~有意义哈~~:em02:

西西那个很汗吧....呵呵
 

daisy12321

Active Member
Jul 22, 2007
1,838
0
36
#15
哇,我也来捧场!
不仅内容好,连格式都很美观!~
丹丹太伟大了!~~~~~~~~真想再买一份~~~~支持丹丹!~~~~~~~~~~~
哈哈~~~~
想再考一次……羡慕你writing的分数啊